Joan Harrington, DPM • Scott H. Kjar, DPM
Board Certified by The American Board of Podiatric Surgery
Abscess: Collection of pus in a cavity or soft tissue space.
Achilles Tendonitis: Inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the leg near the heel bone, common in women who wear high heels and athletic individuals.
Arthritis: Inflammation of the joints caused by infectious, metabolic or mechanical reasons. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two common types.
Athlete's Foot: A fungal infection of the foot characterized by small red vesicles or blisters, which can itch or burn. Chronic athlete's foot is characterized by dry, scaly patches anywhere on the foot, often between the toes.
Bunion: An enlarged bump at the base of the great toe, which may be associated with redness and pain. It also may include a malalignment of the great toe, leading to underlapping of the second toe, or arthritis of the great toe joint.
Bunionette: An enlarged bump at the base of the little toe, which may be associated with redness and pain.
Bursa: A small bodily pouch or sac, often acting as a cushion.
Bursitis: Inflammation of a bursa, leading to acute pain.
Callous: A thickening of the skin, usually near a bony prominence or under the ball of the foot. It may be thin and diffuse or more pinpoint and painful.
Corn: A thickening of the skin over a joint, bony prominence or often between toes. Once think, they can cause pain.
Capsulitis: Inflammation of the soft tissue lining of any joint.
Dermatitis: A generic term for inflammation of the skin. It has many potential causes.
Flat Feet: Depressed or fallen arches which can lead to more serious foot problems if not treated.
Fungal Nail: An athletes foot fungus affecting toenails. Can be thick, discolored, irregular and cause pain with shoe pressure.
Ganglion Cyst: An outpouching of a tendon sheath or a joint capsule that fills with a gelatinous fluid. These can be painful.
Gout: A form of arthritis where the body forms too much uric acid, which can accumulate inside a joint and cause extreme pain. The most common joint is the great toe joint, which can appear very red, hot, swollen and very painful.
Hammertoe: A contracture of one or more of the joints of the toes, causing deformity / buckling of the toe. May be associated with a corn over the contracture.
Heel Pain: Has many causes and may be under or on back of the heel. Pain under the heel is often called plantar fasciitis, a tearing of a ligament away from the heel bone. Pain on the back of the heel may be caused by Achilles Tendonitis or an enlarged bony prominence off the heel bone.
Ingrown Nail: A deformity of a nail, causing it to grow irregularly. It then may grow into the flesh around the nail and cause redness, pain and infection.
Metatarsalgia: Inflammation of the foot, usually in the ball area. May be worsened by high heels / poor foot gear.
Neurtitis: Inflammation of a nerve which may cause burning, numbness, tingling of the involved nerve area.
Neuroma: Enlargement of the lining around a nerve, causing burning, numbness and / or pain. Usually involves the third and fourth toes of the foot, although the other toes may be involved.
Neuropathy: Generic term for problem with a nerve. Can be cause by metabolic, nutritional, traumatic or generic reasons. May cause numbness, pain, loss of motor function if not diagnosed and treated.
Plantar Fasciitis: Pain on the bottom of the heel caused by the tearing of a ligament which supports the arch away from the heel bone. Often causes pain when arising in the morning and after arising from a seated position.
Poor Circulation: Lack of adequate blood supply to the lower extremities. Can be very serious condition if not diagnosed and treated in a timely fashion.
Rupture of Achilles: Tearing of the large tendon in the back of the leg causing pain and serious ambulation problems if not diagnosed / treated. Often occurs in active individuals in their late 30's and early 40's.
Sesamoiditis: Inflammation of small bones under the great toe joint often occurring in active individuals / athletes / dancers.
Sprain: A traumatic stretching or tearing of supportive ligaments of a joint. Most often associated with the ankle joint, this causes instability of the involved joint and can lead to continued sprains and eventual arthritis.
Stress Fracture: Incomplete fracture of a bone of the foot cause by overuse or repetitive pounding of the involved bone. Often occurs in the long bones of the forefoot, causing pain, redness and swelling.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: Similar to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, this affects the major nerve to the bottom of the foot, which can cause numbness, pain and motor abnormalities of the foot.
Ulcer: Open sores or breaks in the skin. Often found under bony prominences in the ball of the foot or between toes or on the tips of toes. If untreated, ca lead to more serious problems / infections.
Warts: A viral infection of the skin causing painful, raised lesions. If untreated, can spread to other areas of the foot or to other people.
*This website is for informational purposes only, not for self diagnosis/treatment.
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